Organ Transplant Management System

Organ Transplantation while being essential on humanitarian grounds, has to be looked at from another facet viz. commercial exploitation of for donation of Organs.

Keeping in view both aspects, the Transplantation of Human Organ Act (THO) was passed in India in 1994 and amended in 2014 to streamline organ donation and transplantation activities. As per this Act, the core philosophy is that Sale of organs is a punishable offence. It amounts to Organ Trafficking and is punishable under the Law.

Despite this Act, cases of organ commerce and kidney scandals are regularly reported by the Indian media. And in all cases, this happens with the connivance of in-house members but without the knowledge of the Management and the Operating Surgeons. But the brunt of this breach falls on the Hospital and their licenses are withdrawal and legal actions are taken against them. This leads to negative media coverage and loss of Face.

So Hospitals would like to protect themselves from this cartel of Organ Traffickers.

Under What Legal Heads Can Organ Transplantation Take Place?

What Does The Transplantation Of Human Organ Act (THO) Say?


Under the Act, there are 21 forms which have to be filled as per the category .

Why the growing concern in India?

Due to the Technological advancements and the competence of Indian Doctors, there is a huge demand for Organ Transplantation here. This demand comes from Indians living in India and from International Patients. In such a situation mis-use through the commodification of organs due to the presence of a large population below the poverty line and weak monitoring systems can take place. On the other hand, deceased donations are still at a very low rate.

Concern Before Every Hospital Which Has The License To Carry Our Organ Transplant Surgeries:

Every Hospital which has the five-year license to carry out Organ Transplantations has two concerns before it so that it retains its license and gets it renewed for the next 5 years:
While the first concern depends upon the medical health of the patient, the competence of the team operating on the donor and recipient and the post-operative care and follow- up, it is the second concern which needs strict adherence to procedures laid down by the Government.

How Does a Paid Donar Get Introduced Into The Process?

So, hospitals should have a system to detect fraud donors. This normally happens after the genuine donor has cleared all stages but at the OT Stage, the genuine donor is replaced with the fraud donor.